Partial (focal) seizures refer to seizures occurring in one or more areas on one side of the brain – in other words, they begin in a limited area of the brain. Instead of remaining in the original area, the seizure may spread to other areas of the brain, thus affecting other areas of the body.
When a partial seizure spreads to the other side of the brain, it is known to “secondarily generalize.” Partial seizures that secondarily generalize may include convulsions or spasms, a loss of muscle tone, or a decrease in muscle tone.
How are partial seizures that secondarily generalize treated?
There is no one treatment method for any patient with a seizure disorder. Each treatment plan is tailored to the individual patient based on their diagnosis and symptoms. Treatment options may include medical therapy, nerve stimulation, dietary therapy, or surgery, as appropriate. Clinical trials may also be a valuable treatment alternative.